Editor’s Note: An Example of a Regulated but Friendly Border. Millions of people cross the Canada-US border every year with ease. When traveling between Canada and the United States, it’s necessary to pass through Customs and Border Protection at the border. The professionals who work at Customs are highly trained and the process is generally very simple. They’ll ask to see your ID, ask about your citizenship and ask you to show one of the documents. India & Nepal governments also need to work toward strict but friendly regulation of the Indo-Nepal border. Better to seal the border except for the trading points between the two countries, so that unwanted activities both from the state & non-state actors may be checked. This blogger Divas has felt an improvement on the Indo-Nepal border conditions since his last report.
Author: Dr. Abdul Ruff
Edited & Rearranged by Divas
Canada is worried about pollution from US factories near its border, and about the possible impact on the environment of the exploitation of oil deposits in Alaska.
Nearly 90% of Canadians live within 200km of the border with the United States, which means that Canada contains vast expanses of wilderness to the north.
The US and Canada are each other’s largest trading partner. The North American Free Trade Agreement, involving Canada, the US and Mexico, has brought a trade boom for Canada.
In the past years, Canadian officials have complained of drug, cigarette and firearms smuggling from the United States while U.S. officials have complained of drug smuggling from Canada.
Close economic integration exists with the US, but Asian markets are growing in importance.
Strong historical ties to the UK remain, while Quebec looks towards France.
Canada often plays a major role in UN peacekeeping missions.
The relationship to its “powerful neighbor” USA is said to be a defining factor for Canada.
Canada often cooperates closely with the US, but does go its own way sometimes.
But thorny issues abound. American moves which impact on Canadian exports, in the form of tariffs on Canadian timber and increased subsidies for US farmers, have created particular tension.
Canada has been asserting its sovereignty in the Arctic with growing vigor and has become embroiled in territorial spats with the US and Denmark. At stake is the possible bounty from previously-untapped reserves of oil and gas.
Similarly, Canada pursues a foreign policy that is distinct from that of the US.
Canada has committed troops to the American-led war on terror, but does not back the US trade embargo on Cuba. Canada also did not send troops to join the US-led war in Iraq.
After the September 11, 2001 attacks in the US, the challenge of securing the 9,000-km Canada-US border from possible terrorist infiltration prompted both countries to look at ways of sharing information.
Canada’s indigenous peoples make up around 1.5 million, more than 4% of the total population.
The way in which provincial governments share land and natural resources with native groups is an ongoing issue.
Canada Citizenship Reforms
Focusing on checking the dual citizenship the Canadian government has proposed sweeping changes to its rules on citizenship.
Under the plans underway, Canada would be able to revoke citizenship from dual nationals who have been convicted of terrorism, spying or high treason.
Also, applicants would now have to pass a knowledge test and have proficiency in English or French.
The new measures target those with dual citizenship found or suspected to have membership in an armed force or organized armed group engaged in armed conflict with Canada.
Citizenship could also be revoked for any dual nationals “convicted of terrorism, high treason, treason or spying offences”.
Other proposals for new applicants include having to wait six years to apply for Canadian citizenship instead of the current four.
Would-be citizens would need to be physically present for four of the six years and declare their “intent to reside”.
Currently they must establish legal residence for three of the four years but do not have to be physically present or intend to reside in Canada.
The proposals also include tougher penalties for immigration fraud.
The largest source of new immigrants to Canada is Asia, led by China, India, the Philippines, and Pakistan and their number keeps increasing every year.
Chinese immigrants have flocked to Canada’s west coast and transformed Vancouver into Canada’s very own Asian metropolis.