Editor’s Note: The threats of militarization of any society are real. Children supposedly killed by chemical gas sarin fired in one of the attacks last year. Experts claim that the Syrian conflict saw by far the worst reported use of chemical arms. United Nations Secretary General Ban Ki-Moon also confirmed that results of a U. N. report concerning the use of chemical weapons in Syria were “overwhelming and indisputable.” Experts have been warning that terror organizations or other violent non-state actors could also acquire deadly weapons in the event of state collapse. The civil wars and conflicts in today’s world get even more complicated by the fact all the conflicting parties solicit support from superpowers. And often the “superpowers” and international bodies find themselves clueless on whether and how to engage themselves with the conflicting parties.
Author: Dr. Abdul Ruff
Edited & Rewritten by Divas
The Syrian conflict has intensified as the government launched a fierce aerial bombardment on Tuesday in rebel-held areas of Aleppo.
The Aleppo Media Centre said one of the raids hit a school and the children were among those killed.
US officials asked the Russians last Friday to put pressure on Bashar al-Assad’s government to end the Syrian conflict.
Russia has been Syria government’s most powerful ally during a nearly three-year-old civil conflict in Syria.
Last September, the Organisation for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons (OPCW) received an initial disclosure from the Syrian government of its chemical weapons programme, the first time the country had made a formal declaration.
The OPCW has yet to release the details of the declaration, leaving the size of Syria’s arsenal subject to speculation.
Experts believe the stockpile, considered to be one of the world’s largest, contains the blister agent sulphur mustard, the nerve agent sarin, and the more potent and persistent nerve agent VX.
Following a deadly chemical weapons attack in Damascus on 21 August 2013, the United States and Russia agreed a plan with Syria to remove and destroy its chemical weapons by mid-2014.
Washington now seems keen to ending the conflict in Syria.
But the situation has been made vastly more complicated in the last two weeks by the takeover of warehouses belonging to the Western-backed Free Syrian Army by fighters from a new Islamist rebel alliance, the Islamic Front.
Saudi Arabia was angered last year after Obama declined to launch military strikes on Syria to punish the alleged use of chemical weapons by Syrian government forces.
Like many other powers in the Gulf, Saudi is keen to be seen as a close ally of USA and hence Riyadh has been pushing for regular visits of US leaders to the kingdom.
Washington is well aware that its Gulf allies, notably Saudi Arabia, were upset at being kept out of the loop on the discussions held with Iran in Oman before the nuclear deal was reached.
Iran says its nuclear program is for peaceful purposes, while some Western countries, including the US, suspect the country has designs on nuclear weapons.
US officials admitted that Iran’s last month’s agreement with world powers was not about freezing the nuclear program, but only to make sure that Iran would not build a nuclear weapon.
Saudi ambassador to Britain Prince Mohammed bin Nawaf bin Abdulaziz wrote in The New York Times last year that negotiations between Iran and Western powers over Iran’s nuclear program were a “dangerous gamble”.
The White House officials claim that the co-operation between Washington and Riyadh was so deep on so many issues that they did not see “the Saudis going rogue” such as by acquiring nuclear weapons from Pakistan to protect themselves from Iran, as some reports have claimed.
Wary of the Mideast quagmire, USA has also hinted that it wants to end the traditional political ties with the Arab world except for the energy security issues.
In an unusually frank explanation of the challenges facing US policies in the Mideast region, the Washington officials have given a rundown of Washington’s position on a number of key countries.
USA, however, has strongly denied suggestions that Washington is looking to disengage itself from the Middle East, and insists it is not abandoning its longstanding Arab allies.