Jimmy Carter with Maoist Supremo Duo Prachanda & Dr. Baburam
The following is my article published in 2006, which I hope, would be a reminder to all those who have the tremendous responsibility of making a peaceful and prosperous society.
CONFLICT MANAGEMENT – THE NEPAL CASE
The American, Indian, and European fear of the communist ghost is ridiculous. The outcry that Maoists would take over the government is an evidence of sheer ignorance of the ground realities of Nepali soil.
The Maoists have already won their political battle once their agenda of Constituent Assembly became the national agenda – and they have started fulfilling their promise to handover their arms under the UN supervision.
The make-up of Nepali society is such that no other system of governance can function except the inclusive parliamentary democracy.
As the octogenarian PM of Nepal G P Koirala said during the historic peace deal with the Maoists in front of the representatives of all the democracies in the world including the UN, the democrats the world over have the responsibility of not fighting but persuading the so-called terrorists into the mainstream politics.
GP has been saying that if he fails, only a person fails, but if he succeeds there would be a new example to the world in dealing with the insurgencies.
G P himself has learned this lesson from his own and the highly-learned and pragmatic King’s failure to contain the insurgency despite mobilizing the army with the support of American and Indian intelligentsia.
Now that the world has witnessed the fiasco of the “War Against Terrorism” crusade, the success of Nepal’s peace process is surely going to set a precedent the world over.
The twentieth century has taught the lesson that arrogant efforts of crushing insurgencies with sheer brutal force without addressing the unresolved and neglected human sufferings and basic human rights are bound to boomerang upon themselves. The Nepali Maoists had begun their “War against the Bourgeoisie” with a handful of homemade pistols and agricultural tools.
In ten years of brutal terrorist acts, they’ve established themselves as an undeniable political force that even the US fears for their ideological proliferation. But no one should ignore that the Maoists’ success was basically due the issues and agenda they raised to transform the feudal Nepali Society into a modern and just society.
Now that they’ve accepted the multiparty free society to be established through the Constituent Assembly shows that they too have learned from their experience and are well aware of their strength and limitations.
The leading world media’s failure to recognize the recent development in Nepal shows that they may be free from the government censors, but they’re still trapped in the consumerism mindset of the business tycoons and power-hungry politicians. Journalists should also remember that Nepal had been one of the most dangerous countries for the reporters and press freedom during the Civil War.
The credibility of the UN, the HR bodies, the EU, the Federation of Journalists, India, China as well as the US – all those who have been actively involved to restore peace with progressive socio-political reforms – is also at stake in the safe-landing of Nepal’s what Vaclav Havel had termed for his own country’s “The Velvet Revolution.”
That some see Mr GP as the future Noble-Laureate for Peace would surely be justified if he succeeds in conducting the Constituent Assembly to draft a new Constitution in a fair and peaceful manner as they’ve promised.
The recently un-earthed and still red-cornered Prachanda, his colleagues, & cadres of the Young Communist League(YCL) also need to prove themselves in the democratic practices.
The much-abashed King, too, who has always proclaimed to play a constructive role and has welcomed the peace deal, would deserve appreciation if he humbly accepts the verdict of the People.