Victim of Madhesi-Pahadi communal riot in Kapilvastu, Nepal
|Darfur Refugee Camp in Chad|
|African Union Mission in Sudan (AMIS)
United Nations African Union Mission in Darfur (UNAMID)
Martin Luther Agwai
Conflicts seem natural among human civilizations.
Only the nature of conflict changes.
After the WW II, two types of conflicts prevailed in the latter part of the 20th century; viz ideological & civilizational.
*Ideological conflicts: Pre 80s, Cold War, US Vs USSR, Communism Vs Capitalism, Bipolar World
The fall of the communist empire in the Soviet Block was followed by a series of ethnic/racial genocides mostly in the Balkans, Mid-East, Africa, and Asia.
*Civilizational Conflicts: Post 90s: No matter what Bush says, its a multi-polar world.
Heterogenity in the population has been increasingly becoming a risk factor for conflicts.
Intra-religious and Inter-religious conflicts are changing the paradigms of the world order.
People now define themselves in terms of ancestry, religion, language, institutions, customs, and regionality.
The traditional idelological & nationalistic identities as well as the political boundaries of all nations have been rendered porous.
The euphoria of the fall of the Berlin Wall was soon to evaporate.
Chinese Muslims were to to walk thousands of miles crossing several borders to Chechnya to fight against the Russians.
In their ‘Fight Against Terrorism’ Americans were to find their own citizen as the Taliban fighters.
Once the Maoists in Nepal gave up their arms sidelining the ‘Barrel of the Gun’ policy, scores of armed outfits mushroomed up threatening the very social fabric with deadly communalism.